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Buenos Aires, Argentina with Pikliz

Photos by Jessie Adrien

Argentina's capital is cosmopolitan and diverse.
Buenos Aires sprawls along the banks of the muddy La Plata river, stretches inland in new developments, and is often gray and gloomy. It is a huge city composed of neighborhoods, or barrios. The older ones surrounding the city center are the most famous ones: the barrios which attract tourism. Apart from the colorful tin buildings of the La Boca barrio and the famed pink tones of the Casa Rosada the presidential palace, the city is mostly monochromatic.

ARGENTINA
History & Culture

Along with numerous nomadic tribespeople, two main indigenous groups existed in Argentina before the European arrival. In the northwest, near Bolivia and the Andes, was a people known as the Diaguita, while further south and to the east were the Guarani. Together the Diaguita and the Guarani constitute the origins of permanent agricultural civilization in Argentina, both developing the cultivation of maize. The Diaguita are also remembered for having successfully prevented the powerful Inca from expanding their empire into Argentina from what is now Bolivia.

It was perhaps a legacy of this successful resistance that enabled the native peoples of Argentina to carry on a prolonged campaign against colonization and rule by the Spanish. The first Spaniard to land in Argentina, Juan de Solis, was killed in 1516, and several attempts to found Buenos Aires were stymied by the local inhabitants. Inland cities were more successful, and it wasn't until the late 16th century that Buenos Aires was securely established.

Despite its military success, indigenous resistance was inexorably weakened by the introduction of diseases from Europe. Even after the native threat became minimal, however, Argentina was still mostly neglected by Spain, which was more interested in developing Lima and the riches of Peru. Buenos Aires was forbidden to trade with foreign countries, and the city became a smuggler's haunt. The restrictive trade policy probably did little to endear Spain to the colonists. The British attacked Buenos Aires in 1806 and 1807, as Spain's had come under the control of Napoleonic France. The colony managed to repulse Britain's attacks without any assistance from their mother country, an act of strength that no doubt helped to foster the region's growing sense of independence.

When the French captured Spain's King Ferdinand VII, Argentina fell completely under the rule of the local viceroyalty, which was highly unpopular. The locals rebelled against the viceroyalty and declared their allegiance to the captive king. By 1816, the deep division between Argentina and its mother country had become quite apparent, and a party of separatists decided to declare the country's independence. One of the new patriots, Jose de San Martin, crossed the Andes and captured Lima. Along with Simon Bolivar, Martin is credited with breaking the shackle of Spanish rule in South America.

Early independence in Argentina was marked by an often bitter struggle between two political groups: the Unitarists and the Federalists. The Unitarists wanted a strong central government, while the Federalists wanted local control.

Argentina's culture has been greatly affected by its immigrant population, mostly European. Their influence contributed to the demise of pre-Columbian cultures, resulting in the lack of a dominant indigenous population. The European immigrant groups each adopted different roles. The Basque and Irish controlled sheep rearing, the Germans and Italians established farms, and the British invested in developing the country's infra- structure.

More than one-third of the country's 32 million people live in Buenos Aires, the capital, which along with other urban areas accounts for almost 90% of the total population. The principal indigenous peoples are the Quechua of the northwest and the Mapuche in Patagonia. Other marginal groups include the Matacos and Tobas in the Chaco and other northeastern cities. There are strong Jewish and Anglo-Argentine communities throughout the country; small communities of Japanese, Chileans and Bolivians; and enclaves of Paraguayan and Uraguayan residents.

The universal language of Argentina is Spanish, but many natives and immigrants keep their mother tongues as a matter of pride.


Slideshow
Argnetininan Flag
1
Argnetininan Flag
241 views
 
Welcome to plaza de Mayo
2
Welcome to plaza de Mayo
267 views
 
3
241 views
 
View of Plaza de Mayo
4
View of Plaza de Mayo
275 views
 
Casa Rosada
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Casa Rosada
257 views
 
Casa Rosada
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Casa Rosada
237 views
 
Casa Rosada is being restored
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Casa Rosada is being restored
228 views
 
Casa Rosada is being restored
8
Casa Rosada is being restored
245 views
 
National Bank
9
National Bank
225 views
 
Viva la libertad
10
Viva la libertad
178 views
 
Museo del cabildo built as the townhall in 1711
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Museo del cabildo built as the townh…
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Cathedral housing San Martin's tomb
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Cathedral housing San Martin's tomb
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13
189 views
 
Antique organ and it is still used during concerts in december only
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Antique organ and it is still used d…
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Picture 169
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Picture 169
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Picture 153
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Picture 153
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Still in plaza de Mayo
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Still in plaza de Mayo
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Picture 150
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Picture 150
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Beautiful fountain in plaza de Mayo
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Beautiful fountain in plaza de Mayo
182 views
 
Leaving Plaza de Mayo to go to Puerto Madero
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Leaving Plaza de Mayo to go to Puert…
163 views
 
the woman's bridge in Puerto Madero. The woman's bridge" Puente de la mujer" can turn to allow the boats passage
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the woman's bridge in Puerto Madero.…
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Picture 293
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Picture 293
262 views
 
Puerto Madero Marina
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Puerto Madero Marina
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